The Indian Start-up ecosystem has come a long way, with many start-ups going public and nearly 42 companies becoming unicorns in 2021. According to Inc42’s Indian Tech Start-up Funding Report 2021, Indian start-ups raised $42 Billion in funding across 1,583 deals in 2021, and 2,487 unique investors participated in start-up funding.
Most of these investments take the route through the Alternative Investment Fund (AIF), such as Venture Capital Funds, Angel Funds, and Private Equity Funds.
AIF is defined under regulation 2(1)(b) of the SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations, 2012 as follows:
It is a privately pooled investment vehicle that gathers funds from investors, including Indian and foreign investors, to invest it as per a defined investment policy to benefit its investors.
Categories of AIFS:-
Angel Funds vs Other Funds
Other Funds (VC & PE)
SEBI Registration Fees
Rs.5,00,000 to INR 10,00,000
Ability to Invest in Listed Securities
Can invest in Listed Start-ups
Limited listed investments allowed. Different norms for different subcategories
Minimum Corpus for each AIF Scheme
Corpus of at least Rs.5 crores
Corpus of at least Rs.20 crores
Min investment required by Investors
Invest at least Rs.25 Lakhs
Invest at least Rs.1 Crore
Maximum 5 years
Minimum 3 years
Prohibition of Listing
Units of angel funds shall not be listed on any recognized stock exchange.
Number of Investors
Continuing Interest by Sponsor/Manager
Lower of following amounts: – 2.5% of corpus or
– Rs.50 lakhs
Lower of following amounts:
– 2.5% of corpus or
– Rs.5 crores
Restriction on Investments
Angel funds shall invest only in start-ups that:
– have been incorporated during the preceding three years from the date of such investment
– are not promoted or sponsored by or related to an industrial group whose group turnover exceeds three hundred crores rupees
– are not companies with family connections with any angel investors investing in the company
– Angel funds shall not invest more than twenty-five percent of the total investments under all its schemes in one venture capital undertaking
No such restrictions.
Filing of Term Sheet
Required to file with SEBI subject to which angel fund may launch schemes
Prohibition of Listing
Units of angel funds shall not be listed on any recognised stock exchange.
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